## What is Jacobian in spherical coordinates?

If we do a change-of-variables Φ from coordinates (u,v,w) to coordinates (x,y,z), then the Jacobian is the determinant ∂(x,y,z)∂(u,v,w) = |∂x∂u∂x∂v∂x∂w∂y∂u∂y∂v∂y∂w∂z∂u∂z∂v∂z∂w|, and the volume element is dV = dxdydz = |∂(x,y,z)∂(u,v,w)|dudvdw.

**What is the Schrodinger equation in spherical polar coordinates?**

If the potential energy and the boundary conditions are spherically symmetric, it is useful to transform H into spherical coordinates and seek solutions to Schrödinger’s equation which can be written as the product of a radial portion and an angular portion: ψ(r, θ, φ) = R(r)Y (θ, φ), or even R(r)Θ(θ)Φ(φ).

### Can you solve the Schrodinger equation?

Schrodinger’s equation cannot be solved exactly for atoms with more than one electron because of the repulsion potential between electrons.

**How do you find the equation of spherical coordinates?**

To convert a point from spherical coordinates to cylindrical coordinates, use equations r=ρsinφ,θ=θ, and z=ρcosφ. To convert a point from cylindrical coordinates to spherical coordinates, use equations ρ=√r2+z2,θ=θ, and φ=arccos(z√r2+z2).

#### How do you find the J in Jacobian?

Jacobian Determinant

- J = [ ∂ u ∂ x ∂ u ∂ y ∂ v ∂ x ∂ v ∂ y ]
- d e t ( J ) = | ∂ u ∂ x ∂ u ∂ y ∂ v ∂ x ∂ v ∂ y |
- J ( r , θ ) = | ∂ x ∂ r ∂ x ∂ θ ∂ y ∂ r ∂ y ∂ θ |

**Why do we use spherical coordinates in Schrodinger equation?**

The SDE for Hydrogen has a potential that is spherically symmetric. When we write down the SDE in spherical coordinates, one equation (phi) separates out immediately and can be solved. Once this is solved, the theta equation also separates out and can be solved.

## What is the Three Dimensional Schrodinger equation?

E = E1 + E2 + E3. One can now substitute these expressions into the full 3D Schrodinger equation and see that they solve it even at the points r where ψ(r) = 0. Therefore, the solution of the 3D Schrodinger equation is obtained by multiplying the solutions of the three 1D Schrodinger equations.

**How do you describe a sphere in spherical coordinates?**

In the spherical coordinate system, a point P in space is represented by the ordered triple (ρ,θ,φ), where ρ is the distance between P and the origin (ρ≠0),θ is the same angle used to describe the location in cylindrical coordinates, and φ is the angle formed by the positive z-axis and line segment ¯OP, where O is the …