What dilemmas did Kohlberg use?
Kohlberg asked a series of questions such as:
- Should Heinz have stolen the drug?
- Would it change anything if Heinz did not love his wife?
- What if the person dying was a stranger, would it make any difference?
- Should the police arrest the chemist for murder if the woman died?
What is an example of Kohlberg’s theory?
Based on a series of interviews, Kohlberg developed six distinct levels of moral judgment or reasoning. 1. Actions are determined to be good or bad depending on how they are rewarded or punished. Example: It would be bad for me to take my friend’s toy because the teacher will punish me.
What is an example of moral dilemma?
No matter what choice you make in these situations, you always end up compromising some moral value. An example of a moral dilemma is having to choose between saving a dog from a fire or saving your sister.
What is dilemma give an example?
The definition of a dilemma is a situation where there is no clear easy choice or answer. An example of a dilemma is when you only have two extra tickets to an event and three friends that want to go.
What is a Kohlberg dilemma?
The best known moral dilemma created by Kohlberg is the “Heinz” dilemma, which discusses the idea of obeying the law versus saving a life. Kohlberg emphasized that it is the way an individual reasons about a dilemma that determines positive moral development.
What are the 6 stages of Kohlberg?
Kohlberg’s 6 Stages of Moral Development
- The full story.
- Stage 1: Obedience and punishment.
- Stage 2: Self-interest.
- Stage 3: Interpersonal accord and conformity.
- Stage 4: Authority and maintaining social order.
- Stage 5: Social contract.
- Stage 6: Universal ethical principles.
- Pre-conventional level.
What are examples of Kohlberg’s stages of moral development?
Stages of Moral Development
- Stage 1 (Pre-Conventional) Obedience and punishment orientation (How can I avoid punishment?)
- Stage 2 (Conventional) Interpersonal accord and conformity (Social norms, good boy – good girl attitude)
- Stage 3 (Post-Conventional) Social contract orientation (Justice and the spirit of the law)
What is Kohlberg’s Heinz dilemma?
a story about an ethical dilemma faced by a character named Heinz that was used by Lawrence Kohlberg to assess the moral reasoning skills of those he asked to respond to it. Having exhausted every other possibility, Heinz must decide whether to steal an expensive drug that offers the only hope of saving his dying wife.
What is a modern moral dilemma?
A moral dilemma is a situation wherein a person is required to make a difficult choice. Any choice they make may have repercussions, but they must make a choice.
What are the 3 ethical dilemmas?
3 Ethical Dilemmas
- Establishing Guilt: A client suspects one of their employees has committed fraud.
- Insufficient Expertise: We sometimes come to another ethical crossroads when being approached with a situation that may be beyond our skill set.
What is individual dilemma and example?
a. In such a dilemma, choosing one moral will result in violating another; or, doing one thing could bring positive results but is morally wrong. A common example is “stealing from the rich to feed the poor.”
What questions did Kohlberg ask?
QUESTIONS KOHLBERG WAS ASKING
- Did Heinz do the right thing by stealing the drug?
- Would anything be different if Heinz didn’t love his wife?
- Would anything be different if the person who was dying was a complete stranger, rather than Heinz’s wife?
- Should the chemist be arrested if the woman died?
What did Kohlberg emphasize in Heinz dilemma story?
In Heinz Dilemma story, Kohlberg emphasized that it is how an individual reason about a dilemma that determines positive moral development. It is as follows Heinz’s Wife was near death from cancer.
Kohlberg based his theory on a series of moral dilemmas presented to his study subjects. Participants were also interviewed to determine the reasoning behind their judgments of each scenario. One example was “Heinz Steals the Drug.”
How did Kohlberg classify people’s moral thinking?
By analyzing people’s responses to Heinz’s dilemma, Kohlberg was able to classify people’s moral thinking into one of the six identifiable developmental stages. The six stages of moral development are grouped into three levels, namely;
What are some of the most famous Kohlberg stories?
One of the best known of Kohlberg’s (1958) stories concerns a man called Heinz who lived somewhere in Europe. Heinz’s wife was dying from a particular type of cancer. Doctors said a new drug might save her.