What is the meaning of Mouseion?
The Greek word mouseion means a shrine to the Muses, the female personifications of dance, music and literature.
Who founded the Muséion of Alexandria?
Ptolemy I Soter
A research institute that was especially noted for its scientific and literary scholarship, the Alexandrian Museum was built near the royal palace about the 3rd century bce possibly by Ptolemy I Soter (reigned 323–285/283 bce).
Who founded the Mouseion?
The Musaeum or Mouseion at Alexandria (Ancient Greek: Μουσεῖον τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας), which included the famous Library of Alexandria, was an institution said to have been founded by Ptolemy I Soter and his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
What was in the Museum of Alexandria?
The national museum is located in a restored palace and contains about 1,800 artifacts that narrate the history of Alexandria throughout the ages, including the Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic eras.
Where was Alexandria in ancient times?
Alexandria is a port city located on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt founded in 331 BCE by Alexander the Great.
What is museum and its purpose?
“A museum is a non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment.
Who destroyed the library of Alexandria?
Julius Caesar himself
The first person blamed for the destruction of the Library is none other than Julius Caesar himself. In 48 BC, Caesar was pursuing Pompey into Egypt when he was suddenly cut off by an Egyptian fleet at Alexandria. Greatly outnumbered and in enemy territory, Caesar ordered the ships in the harbor to be set on fire.
Where is modern day Alexandria?
Alexandria is located in the country of Egypt, on the southern coast of the Mediterranean.
Why was Alexandria destroyed?
The original library branch was located at the royal palace at Alexandria, near the harbor. When Julius Caesar intervened in the civil war between Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII, Caesar set fire to the ships in the harbor. It is believed that this fire spread to the library and completely destroyed it.
Why do we need museums in the 21st century?
Museums have the power to create unity on both a social and political level, but also on a local one. Local museums are able to provide a sense of community and place by celebrating a collective heritage, offering a great way to get to know the history of a particular area.
Why do people visit museums?
Many people will visit museums when they travel. It’s an opportunity to learn more about the country they are visiting and its past. Often, they will visit museums that offer different content to what they have at home or have seen before. Museums are great for attracting tourists and for preserving the local culture.