What is Applied Philosophy?
The term “applied” simply means “to put into practice” or “to be used practically.” From this use of the term “applied,” we can formulate a general definition of applied philosophy: it is the application of those principles and concepts derived from and based on philosophy to a study of our practical affairs and …
What best describes a philosopher?
In a modern sense, a philosopher is an intellectual who contributes to one or more branches of philosophy, such as aesthetics, ethics, epistemology, philosophy of science, logic, metaphysics, social theory, philosophy of religion, and political philosophy.
What is the function of speculative thinking in doing philosophy?
Speculative reason provides the universal, necessary principles of logic, such as the principle of non-contradiction, which must apply everywhere, regardless of the specifics of the situation. On the other hand, practical reason is the power of the mind engaged in deciding what to do.
What is Locke’s main idea?
In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.
What is an example of speculation?
For example, if a speculator believes that the stock of a company called X is over-priced, he or she might short the stock and wait for a favorable time when the price falls and then sells it to make a profit. One can speculate on any security.
What is the difference between analytic and speculative philosophy?
a certain “faith” in reason and a priori method. Analytic philosophy also uses the a priori method but speculative thinkers think its efficacy lies elsewhere. Since speculative thinkers are mostly metaphysicians, their metaphysics is inseparable from their theory of values and theory of knowledge.
What were the main ideas of philosophers?
Our department is very strong, covering five main fields of philosophy:
- Epistemology: theories of knowledge.
- Ethics: theories of morality and moral principles.
- Metaphysics: theories of existence, identity, cause-and-effect, time-and-space, etc.
- Political philosophy: theories of authority, justice, liberty, etc.