What is disproportionate discipline?
Racial disproportionality in discipline can be defined as the overrepresentation of children of color that are subject to discipline,suspension and/or expulsion as compared to the total population of children in the community or institution (NCCREST, 2009).
Are black students disciplined more?
Black children are more likely to be disciplined than their white peers across all ages and all forms of discipline, according to data from the Department of Education for the 2017-18 school year.
Are black students more likely to get suspended?
At all socioeconomic levels, Black students are more likely to be suspended than white students. Instead, discipline disparities are better explained by the behavior of adults—teachers, assistant principals, and principals—in schools than by student misbehavior or poverty.
How do you address disproportionate discipline in schools?
Gather social-emotional resources to be proactive in addressing the needs of students. Use common language and definitions of acceptable behavior, as well as procedures for documenting and addressing discipline issues of students.
What does disproportionality mean?
The term disproportionate means unequal or out of proportion. Although there are discrepancies in many areas, disproportionality in special education is generally referring to racial and ethnic discrepancies that exist in the identification, placement, and discipline of students with disabilities.
What is racial discipline disparities?
Discipline disparities refer to instances when students who belong to specific demographic groups (e.g., race/ethnicity, sex, disability status) are subjected to particular disciplinary actions disproportionately—at a greater rate than students who belong to other demographic groups (e.g., Black males are more likely …
How schools can reduce excessive discipline of black students?
Restorative justice practices can help teachers change how they handle discipline problems. Such approaches can also create school cultures based on trust and open communication, often in lieu of discipline. For instance, many schools use a multitiered system of support for students and staff.
What are alternatives to suspension?
While additional information beyond that provided here will be needed for appropriate implementation, the examples below describe multiple promising alternatives to suspension:
- Problem solving/contracting.
- Mini-courses or skill modules.
- Parent involvement/supervision.
- Community service.
What does in school suspension do?
In School Suspension (ISS) allows the student who has demonstrated behavior that disrupts the educational process of others, yet does not warrant removal from school, to have his/her behavior modified and to try and correct the issue at hand that caused him/her to be placed into this setting.
What is equitable discipline?
(Also calledDiscipline disparities, Disproportionality) This measure establishes the requirement to implement strategies to identify and address racial and ethnic disparities in student discipline, including disaggregating discipline data reports.
Why is disproportionality a problem?
Why Is Disproportionality a Problem? When schools have higher numbers of certain ethnic or minority students enrolled in special education that they should have by statistical standards, it signals the possibility that some of the students may not be truly disabled and may have been incorrectly identified.
What are 3 major factors that contribute to disproportionality?
Factors contributing to disproportionality include cultural bias, a fearful agency climate, communication barriers, ineffective service delivery, and workforce issues. Recommendations from focus group participants and implications are presented.