Who was Kublai Khan?
Kublai Khan was the grandson of Genghis Khan and the founder of the Yuan Dynasty in 13th-century China. He was the first Mongol to rule over China when he conquered the Song Dynasty of southern China in 1279. Kublai (also spelled Kubla or Khubilai) relegated his Chinese subjects to the lowest class of society…
What was the class system under Kublai Khan?
Kublai instituted a class system that placed Mongols on top, followed by Central Asians, Northern Chinese, and finally Southern Chinese. The latter two classes were more heavily taxed, especially to fund Kublai’s failed – and expensive – military campaigns.
How did Kublai Khan conquer Yunnan?
Great Khan Mongke declared Kublai the viceroy of Northern China. He sent their brother Hulegu west to pacify the Islamic states and lands and focused his attention on conquering Southern China. In 1252, Mongke ordered Kublai to attack Yunnan and conquer the Dali Kingdom.
How did Kublai Khan become the first Mongol emperor?
In 1279, Kublai became the first Mongol to rule all of China when he conquered the last of the Song loyalists.