What does PAS mean in Pas-de-Calais?
Etymology. From Pas de Calais (“Dover Strait”), itself from pas (“pass, strait”) + de (“of”) + Calais.
What is the new name for the Nord-Pas-de-Calais?
The new régions are now proposing new names ahead of a July 1st deadline. The cumbersomely named Nord-Pas-de-Calais Picardie has decided in a unanimous vote to move forward with a name suggested by council president Xavier Bertrand: Hauts-de-France, or “Upper France.”
What is Nord Pas known for?
The Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin was the leading region of coal production in France in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. For its three-hundred-year history of mining and its testimony to the advent of industrialization in France, the mining basin was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2012.
What is the flag of Nord-Pas-de-Calais?
Description. English: “Lion of Flandres appearing”, used on the flag of the Belgian Flanders (located partly in the west of Belgium). It is also sometimes used for French Flanders (western department of northern France). Artois and Hainault (adjacent to this area) have different flags, as well as the Nord-Pas-de-Calais …
When did England lose Calais?
The Pale of Calais remained part of England until unexpectedly lost by Mary I to France in 1558. After secret preparations, 30,000 French troops, led by Francis, Duke of Guise, took the city, which quickly capitulated under the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559).
Why is it called Pas-de-Calais?
listen), “strait of Calais”; Picard: Pas-Calés; also Dutch: Nauw van Kales) is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders.
What language do they speak in Hauts-de-France?
The city is also just a few miles from the Belgian border, a country whose official trilingual status— Dutch, French, and German are all official languages there- makes it an outlier among many monolingual European countries.
What is haute de France known for?
About Hauts de France It consists of the departments of Aisne, Nord, Oise, Pas de Calais and the Somme and is a popular tourist destination for visitors travelling to see the battlefields and memorials associated with the First and Second World Wars.
What language is spoken in Calais?
|Region||Nord-Pas-de-Calais: Dunkirk, Bourbourg, Calais, Saint-Omer and Bailleul|
|Native speakers||20,000 full speakers or 50,000 with varying proficiency – 60,000 (1999) (1999)|
|Language family||Indo-European Germanic West Germanic Istvaeonic Low Franconian Dutch West Flemish French Flemish|
What is Calais known for?
Calais grew into a thriving centre for wool production, and came to be called the “brightest jewel in the English crown” owing to its great importance as the gateway for the tin, lead, lace and wool trades (or “staples”). Calais remained under English control until its capture by France in 1558.
What is Calais France?
Calais, industrial seaport on the Strait of Dover, Pas-de-Calais département, Hauts-de-France région, northern France, 21 miles (34 km) by sea from Dover (the shortest crossing from England).
What does Calais mean in English?
Calais in American English (ˈkælei, kæˈlei, ˈkælɪs, French kaˈle) noun. a seaport in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the French port nearest England.