What is a cystocele operation?
A cystocele repair is a surgery to put your bladder back in its normal place. Your surgeon will fix the wall between your bladder and vagina to keep your bladder from moving again.
What is cystocele Enterocele?
Anterior vaginal wall prolapse is commonly referred to as cystocele or urethrocele (when the bladder or urethra is involved). Posterior vaginal wall prolapse is commonly referred to as enterocele (when the small intestine and peritoneum are involved) and rectocele (when the rectum is involved).
What is a cystocele repair called?
Anterior Colporrhaphy (Cystocele Repair) is the surgical repair of a defect in the vaginal wall, including a cystocele (when the bladder protrudes into the vagina) and a rectocele (when the rectum protrudes into the vagina).
What is a urethrocele?
Urethrocele is a problem with the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. This tube is called the urethra. When the urethra sags or presses into the vagina, it is called urethrocele or urethral prolapse.
When does a cystocele need surgery?
The surgery may help to restore the normal position of your bladder and may reduce the pressure caused due to the bulging bladder onto your vagina. These surgeries are generally recommended in severe prolapse cases when physical therapy and medications do not resolve the condition.
What is the difference between cystocele and enterocele?
Cystocele or urethrocele (anterior vaginal wall prolapse): Front wall of the vagina sags downward or outward, allowing the bladder to drop from its normal position. Enterocele: Support to the top of the vagina weakens, allowing bulging of the small intestine into the vagina.
What is enterocele and rectocele?
A rectocele occurs when the end of the large intestine (rectum) pushes against and moves the back wall of the vagina. An enterocele (small bowel prolapse) occurs when the small bowel presses against and moves the upper wall of the vagina.
Is cystocele repair major surgery?
Cystocele (bladder prolapse) repair is major surgery. Yes, cystocele (bladder prolapse) repair is major surgery. Even if your surgery is done through a less invasive way, surgeries to repair prolapse tend to be major surgery.
How serious is cystocele?
Although not life-threatening, a cystocele can have a negative impact on a woman’s quality of life. If it is not treated at all, the condition can continue to get worse. In the worst cases, the woman may be unable to urinate, which can cause kidney damage or infection.
What are the symptoms of urethrocele?
What are the symptoms?
- vaginal or vulvar irritation.
- a feeling of fullness or pressure in the pelvic and vaginal area.
- aching discomfort in the pelvic area.
- urinary problems, such as stress incontinence, being unable to empty the bladder, and frequent urination.
- painful sex.
How is a urethrocele diagnosed?
A woman showing signs of urethrocele will be diagnosed using a physical exam and with the help of some tests, such as a urinalysis and a urinary stress test. X-ray scans, as well as urine culture, may also be done to check for infection.
What is a a cystocele?
A cystocele is a condition in which supportive tissues around the bladder and vaginal wall weaken and stretch, allowing the bladder and vaginal wall to fall into the vaginal canal. Usually, the muscles and connective tissues that support the vaginal wall hold the bladder in place.
How is a cystocele repaired?
The most common surgical procedure to repair a cystocele is anterior vaginal repair, also called anterior colporrhaphy. During this procedure, a surgeon puts the bladder back in its normal position and tightens the muscles and tissues that hold the bladder in place using stiches.
What is the prevalence of cystocele repair surgery?
A 2002 study indicated cystocele repair accounts for 8% of all prolapse repair surgeries; in 1997, approximately 18,500 cystocele repairs were performed. Cystocele repair was combined with rectal prolapse repair in 10% of prolapse surgeries, with hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) in 6%, and with both procedures in 16%.
What causes a cystocele and rectocele?
Defects in the fascia can cause cystoceles and rectoceles. In a cystocele, there is a defect in the fascia between the bladder and vagina. This allows a part of the bladder wall to bulge into the vagina. There are 3 grades of cystocele: