How were the Greek and Persian armies different?
The Persians relied heavily on missile troops, light infantry and light cavalry whereas the Greeks were resolutely entrenched in the slower-moving, heavy infantry tactics of hoplite warfare.
Why did Greek culture spread so rapidly?
Why did greek culture spread so rapidly across the Mediterranean sea and the black sea? They traded with many different cultures across the Mediterranean and Black sea.
What culture blended Persian and Greek?
Greek (also called Hellenic) culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences, a blending which came to be known as Hellenistic culture. Alexandria in Egypt became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization.
Why is it called Dark Ages?
The first person to coin the term ‘Dark Ages’ was believed to be Francesco Petrarca (known as Petrarch), an Italian scholar of the 14th century. He bestowed this label upon the period in which he lived as he was dismayed at the lack of good literature at that time.
What made Rome great?
Rome became the most powerful state in the world by the first century BCE through a combination of military power, political flexibility, economic expansion, and more than a bit of good luck. This expansion changed the Mediterranean world and also changed Rome itself.
Who made Rome great?
Five Good Emperors, the ancient Roman imperial succession of Nerva (reigned 96–98 ce), Trajan (98–117), Hadrian (117–138), Antoninus Pius (138–161), and Marcus Aurelius (161–180), who presided over the most majestic days of the Roman Empire.
What is the blending of Greek Persian Egyptian and Indian culture called?
Hellenistic. The blending of Greek culture with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influence formed a culture.
How did Greek culture spread to Rome?
Indeed, much Greek culture was brought to Rome in the aftermath of military victories, as Roman soldiers returned home not only with works of art but also with learned Greeks who had been enslaved.
What is Greek culture known for?
The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture. Greek culture influenced the Roman Empire and many other civilizations, and it continues to influence modern cultures today.
What were Rome’s greatest achievements?
They developed many new techniques for buildings and construction of all types including the invention of concrete, Roman roads, the invention of Roman arches, and incredibly well built aqueducts that ran for miles before they reached the end and delivered fresh water.
Is Rome still an empire?
Roman Empire, the ancient empire, centred on the city of Rome, that was established in 27 bce following the demise of the Roman Republic and continuing to the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century ce.
Did the Persian empire conquer Greece?
Persia had a huge empire and had every intention of adding Greece to it. This humiliation led to the attempt to conquer Greece in 480-479 BC. The invasion was led by Xerxes, Darius’s son. After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land.
What is a cultural difference between Persia and Greece?
Greece was made up of independent city-states who had different types of government. Sparta was ruled by an oligarchy whereas Athens was a democracy. Persians had the king, aristocrats, and free citizens.
What is the term that means the blending of Greek and local cultures?
How has Rome influenced the modern world?
Ancient Rome had a large influence on the modern world. From bridges and stadiums to books and the words we hear every day, the ancient Romans have left their mark on our world. Art and Architecture. Ancient Romans have had a tremendous impact on art and architecture.
How did Greek culture spread?
Greeks stayed in control of the different regions, elected Greek officials. by 241 B.C. the four regions became known as Hellenistic Kingdoms. Hellenistic Kings created new cities and settlements – spreading Greek culture. – A time when the Greek language and Greek ideas were spread to non-Greek peoples.