In what ways are the Senate and the House of Representatives similar and different quizlet?
In what ways are the Senate and the House of Representatives similar and different? legislative branch, make laws, meet at same time. requirements, size, length of terms, who they represent leaders. Because senators serve longer terms, represent a larger area, and are fewer in number than Representatives.
Where is most of the power in Congress found?
The real work of Congress is done in the legislative committees of the House and Senate. The chairmanships of those committees hold the most power.
What are the 10 powers given to Congress?
Congress has the power to:
- Make laws.
- Declare war.
- Raise and provide public money and oversee its proper expenditure.
- Impeach and try federal officers.
- Approve presidential appointments.
- Approve treaties negotiated by the executive branch.
- Oversight and investigations.
What are the five major roles of Congress?
Congress has five main functions: lawmaking, representing the people, performing oversight, helping constituents, and educating the public.
Can Congress give a title of nobility?
No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.
What are 2 things Congress can’t do?
Limits on Congress pass bills of attainder, which punish individuals outside of the court system. suspend the writ of habeas corpus, a court order requiring the federal government to charge individuals arrested for crimes. Congress can only suspend the writ of habeas corpus during times of national emergency.
What is the House of Representatives and what is the Senate?
The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population. The Senate is composed of 100 Senators, 2 for each state. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913, Senators were chosen by state legislatures, not by popular vote.
What qualifications do you need to be a congressman?
— U.S. Constitution, Article I, section 2, clause 2 The Constitution requires that Members of the House be at least 25 years old, have been a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and live in the state they represent (though not necessarily the same district).
What are the 4 powers denied to Congress?
Section 9. Powers Denied to Congress
- Clause 1. Importation of Slaves. In General.
- Clause 2. Habeas Corpus Suspension.
- Clause 3. Bills of Attainder and Ex Post Facto Laws.
- Clause 4. Taxes.
- Clause 5. Duties On Exports From States.
- Clause 6. Preference to Ports.
- Clause 7. Appropriations and Accounting of Public Money.
- Clause 8. Titles of Nobility; Presents.
What power does the House of Representatives have that the Senate doesn t?
Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the power to impeach a government official, in effect serving as prosecutor. The Senate has the sole power to conduct impeachment trials, essentially serving as jury and judge. Since 1789 the Senate has tried 20 federal officials, including three presidents.