What plant species is responsible for treating malaria?
The use of plant-derived drugs for the treatment of malaria has a long and successful tradition. The first antimalarial drug was quinine, isolated from the bark of Cinchona species (Rubiaceae) in 1820. It is one of the oldest and most important antimalarial drugs, which is still used today.
Which leaves are used for malaria disease?
Caricaceae. Mature leaves of Carica papaya (paw paw) are widely used to treat malaria and splenomegaly while the fruit is used against anaemia, which can also be caused by malaria (Adjanohoun et al., 1996).
What is Mimosa pudica Linn?
Mimosa pudica Linn. (Family: Mimosaceae) is used as an ornamental plant due to its thigmonastic and nyctinastic movements. M. pudica is also used to avoid or cure several disorders like cancer, diabetes, hepatitis, obesity, and urinary infections.
Why is it called sensitive plant?
The Humble Plant. All of its names stem from the plant’s unusual response to stimulus: when it is touched, its leaves fold up and its branches droop, leaving it looking dead or sick in a matter of seconds.
What plant is chloroquine made from?
The cinchona tree is native to Peru. Quinine was the treatment of choice until the 1940s when other drugs, with fewer side effects, replaced it. One of those drugs was chloroquine, which was discovered in 1934.
Can Aloevera cure malaria?
We also found out that people use aloe vera for various illnesses with varying degrees of effectiveness. According to the findings, aloe vera could have some effectiveness in treating malaria, wounds, abdominal problems, skin diseases, allergic reactions and some other diseases.
Does mango leaf cure malaria?
Water extracts of pawpaw and mango leaves have been confirmed to show potencies against malaria parasites and they compare favorably with an established long acting orthodox anti-malarial drug, sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine (Gbolahan et al., 2014).
Can aloe vera plant treat malaria?
How do you identify a Mimosa pudica?
The flowers are lilac or pink (the colour mainly the stamen filaments) and are held in ovoid, stalked heads of 1-1.3 x 0.6-1 cm. A cluster of 1-5 flower-heads is borne in the leaf axil. The calyx is minute, about 0.2 mm long. The corolla is 2-2.3 mm long, and contains four stamens.
What is the medicinal value of Mimosa pudica?
It majorly possesses antibacterial, antivenom, antifertility, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, aphrodisiac, and various other pharmacological activities. The herb has been used traditionally for ages, in the treatment of urogenital disorders, piles, dysentery, sinus, and also applied on wounds.
Why are sensitive plants sensitive?
The plant’s unusually quick response to touch is due to rapid water release from specialized cells located at the bases of leaflet and leaf stalks. The leaves reopen in several minutes, and it is thought that this adaptation is a defense against browsing herbivores who may be startled by the movement.
What is the common name of Mimosa plant?
Integrated Taxonomic Information System – Report
|Family||Fabaceae – peas, legumes|
|Genus||Mimosa L. – sensitive plant, mimosa|
|Species||Mimosa pudica L. – shameplant|
|Variety||Mimosa pudica var. pudica L. – shameplant|
Is Plasmodium knowlesi a zoonotic malaria?
Therefore, P. knowlesi is still considered a zoonotic malaria. The malaria parasite life cycle involves two hosts. During a blood meal, a malaria-infected female Anopheles mosquito inoculates sporozoites into the human host .
What is the most common malaria parasite in Africa?
P. falciparum is the deadliest malaria parasite and the most prevalent on the African continent. P. vivax is the dominant malaria parasite in most countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa.
How dangerous is Plasmodium malaria?
Five species of Plasmodium (single-celled parasites) can infect humans and cause illness: Falciparum malaria is potentially life-threatening. Patients with severe falciparum malaria may develop liver and kidney failure, convulsions, and coma.
What is malaria?
1 Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. 2 In 2019, there were an estimated 229 million cases of malaria worldwide. 3 The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 409 000 in 2019.